Areal view of Bir Dege Tibetan Society Central School for Tibetans, Tenzingang Tibetan Settlement, Bomdila Central School for Tibetans, Rabgyeling Tibetan Settlement - Gurupura Duekhor Lhakhang, Tsuglagkhang, Dharamsala Part of Dhondenling Tibetan Settlement, Kollegal - Karnataka State Sakya Tibetan Society, Puruwala Part of Jampaling Tibetan Refugee Camp, Nepal Jangchub Choeling Monastery - Tashi Palkiel - Pokhara, Nepal Gye-Gye Ling Tibetan Settlement, Rasuwa - Nepal Kashag of Central Tibetan Administration, Gangchen Kyishong, Dharamsala Part of Samphelling Tibetan Settlement, Walung - Nepal South Zone Guidance & Counselling Cell - Doeguling, Mundgod

Tibetan Refugee Settlements

Soon after the first refugees started coming to India, the Department of Home was established to coordinate the immediate relief assistance for them and to find a long term solution for the resettlement of refugees. The resettlement of refugees also involves providing basic amenities and adequate source of livelihood.


Towards the end, the Department of Home has established 58 Tibetan settlement in India, Nepal, Bhutan and the welfare and interests of these settlements are looked after by their respective Representative or welfare officers. The settlements are primarily assisted by the Government of India and other voluntary aid organizations.

Out of the 58 settlements there are 39 major and minor settlements in India, 12 in Nepal and 7 in Bhutan based either on agriculture or Agro industries or Handicrafts as listed under.

( 39 )
15 Agriculture-Based 13 Handicraft-Based 11 Cluster Communities
Choephelling, Miao Bir Dege, Bir Bomdila, A.P.
Dhargyeling, Tezu Bir Chauntra, Bir Darjeeling, West Bengal
Dhondenling, Kollegal Bir Tibetan Society, Bir Dharamsala, Kangra Distt.
Dickyi Larsoe, Bylakuppe Phuntsokling, Dalhousie Dhondupling, Clementown
Doeguyulgyelling, Herbertpur Gapa Tibetan Society, Kumrao Gangtok, Sikkim
Doeguling, Mundgod Kham Khatok, Sataun Kalimpong, West Bengal
Kunphenling, Ravangla Paonta Choelsum, Paonta Lingtsang, Munduwala
Lugsung Samdupling, B'kuppe Sakya Tibetan Society, Puruwala Palrabling, Kullu/Manali
Norgyeling, Bandhara TashiJong, Bir Samyeling, Delhi
Phendeling, Mainpat Tashiling, Pandoh Shilong, Mehgalaya
Phuntsokling, Odisha Tashiling, Sonada Dekyiling, Dehradun
Rabgyeling, Hunsur Tibetan Bonpo Foundation  
Sonamling, Ladakh Yangchen Gatselling, Shimla  
Tenzingang, A.P.    
Tuting, Arunachal Pradesh    
( 12 )
4 Agriculture-Based 6 Handicraft-Based 2 Cluster Communities
Delekling, Solukhumbu Paljorling, Lodrik ChoeJor
Dorpattan, Baglung Rasuwa, Dunche GyalPhak
Jampaling, Lodrik Samdupling, Jwalakhel  
Namgyelling, Lotserok Tashi Palkhiel, Pokhara  
  Tashiling, Pokhara  
( 7 )
7 Agriculture-Based 0 Handicraft-Based 0 Cluster Communities
Kunphenling, Karche    
Namling, Boedgamang
Yidmonling, Lhuntso
Raptenling, Jigmenang
Kunga Raptenling, Khasakha
Kelsangling, Bhumthang
Kungaling, Pado
TOTAL [ 58 ] 26 Agriculture-Based 19 Handicraft-Based 13 Cluster Communities

Problems and goals:

One of the greatest problems in the settlements is that the population is rapidly growing, due to the number of births in the community and the steady streams of new refugees, which has increased since 1980 when travel restrictions from Tibet became more relaxed. This has put strain on the already fragile economy and infrastructure of the settlements and the housing, sanitation, health clinics, schools and other facilities are no longer equipped to deal with the number of people in the settlements.

Please visit the separate listings for settlements in Nepal and Bhutan.